Big Ideas of Science

The Big Ideas of Science are a set of cross-cutting scientific concepts that describe the world around us. They allow us to conceive the connection between different natural phenomena that at a first glance may look irrelevant but in fact have their roots on the same principles and laws of nature. In Go-Lab we are introducing the “Big Ideas of Science” as a backbone structure that students can build upon so as to connect the different science subjects they are taught in school, as well as events and phenomena from their lives to what they are taught during their school life.

Please click each Big Idea of Science to explore the related labs, or navigate through the Scales of the Universe with the Big Ideas of Science


It can only transform from one form to another. The transformation of energy can lead to a change of state or motion. 

Gravitation, electromagnetism, strong-nuclear, and weak nuclear. All phenomena are due to the presence of one or more of these interactions. Forces act on objects and can act at a distance through a respective physical field causing a change in motion or in the state of matter.

The universe is comprised of billions of galaxies, each of which contains billions of stars (suns) and other celestial objects. Earth is a very small part of a solar system with our sun in its center that in turn is a very small part of the universe.  

They are in constant motion and the bonds between them are formed by interactions between them. Elementary particles as we know them so far from atoms and atoms form molecules. There is a finite number of types of atoms in the universe which are the elements of the periodic table.

All matter and radiation exhibit both wave and particle properties. We cannot simultaneously know the position and the momentum of a particle.

Organisms pass on genetic information from one generation to another. 

They require a supply of energy and materials. All life forms on our planet are based on a common key component. 

The processes occurring within this system influence the evolution of our planet, shapes its climate and surface. The solar system also influences Earth and life on the planet.