Scenario-Learning by Critiquing

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In the Learning by Critiquing! scenario the major student activity is to judge the quality of an experimental set-up. Students read a report written by others about an experiment that they performed. Learning activities centre aorund presenting and defending opinions by making judgments about information, validity of ideas, or quality of work based on a set of criteria.In the first part of the scenario students judge the report based on a set of criteria that the teacher has given them. Based on their critique they try to come to a better experiment design. In the second part of the scenario they perform the experiment and write a report about their design, findings and conclusions. In the third part of the scenario students exchange their reports and evaluate the work of another (group of) student(s). Based on the feedback that they receive they finalize their report.This scenario is used to make students aware of the processes related to scientific reasoning and reporting, and is less focused on teaching a specific topic.Students should have some basic understanding about the topic at hand. If this is not present the basic information should be presented in the Orientation phase of the scenario.


Further reading

  • Anderson, L. W., & Krathwohl, D. R., et al (Eds..). (2001) A taxonomy for learning, teaching, and assessing: A revision of Bloom’s taxonomy of educational objectives. Boston, MA: Allyn & Bacon (Pearson Education Group).
  • Chang, H., & Chang, H. (2012). Scaffolding students’ online critiquing of expert- and peer-generated molecular models of chemical reactions. International Journal of Science Education, 35, 2028-2056. doi: 10.1080/09500693.2012.733978
  • Coughlan, M., Cronin, P., & Ryan, F. (2007). Step-by-step guide to critiquing research. Part 1: Quantitative research. British Journal of Nursing, 16(11), 658-663.
  • Ryan, F., Coughlan, M., & Cronin, P. (2007). Step-by-step guide to critiquing research. Part 2: Qualitative research. British Journal of Nursing, 16(12), 738-745.
  • Vance, D. E. (2013). Conducting an article critique for a quantitative research study: perspectives for doctoral students and other novice readers. Nursing: Research & Reviews, 3.
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